Due to the nature of their condition, people who undergo dialysis are highly prone to developing infection—even in a clinical setting. The diminished ability to fight off infections is because of a hemodialysis patient’s weakened immune system. Also, the frequent creation of intravenous access into the bloodstream and the actual dynamics of the dialysis process both lead to an increased risk of having healthcare-associated infection.
It is absolutely vital to follow the guidelines of infection control to maintain sterility in a dialysis setting. Even if it is the simplest method, hand hygiene is still the first and foremost consideration in decreasing direct contact transmission. Hand hygiene involves various types of hand cleansing including washing with soap and water or the application of an alcohol-based sanitizer.
All members of the staff are required to practice aseptic technique and keep the area and supplies free from microorganisms. This should be strictly enforced in all invasive procedures that involve insertion and access of vascular devices. The chosen area of insertion on the patient should be completely cleaned, proper physical protective equipment should be worn by medical staff, and the equipment used should be sterile.
Hemodialysis patients are exposed to large amounts of water used in the production of dialysis fluids on a weekly basis, so it is critical to remove all microbial and chemical contaminants through reverse osmosis. Fortunately, there are innovative companies that offer topnotch reverse osmosis systems that lessen the risk of pyrogen and chemical reactions.