Chlorine has been a widely used method for disinfecting water and eliminating waterborne diseases. It is enormously efficient at removing diseases and pathogens. It is extensively used since it’s low-cost and simple to monitor and control. Chlorine is considered one of the best disinfecting agents, yet despite its usefulness and economical ability to disinfect water, chlorination has some problems of its own.
Private well users sometimes use chlorine to disinfect the water as they do have a choice in their water treatment method. City water users do not have control of the disinfection methods and chlorine is most commonly used because it is the most cost-effective and efficient disinfection method. The problem that arises with the use of chlorination is the production of unsafe byproducts. Chlorine creates Trihalomethanes (THMs), which are toxic when they are inhaled, consumed, or come into contact with the skin.